Argentina map

Argentina is the second largest state located in the southern part of South America. It has an Area of 2,780,400 km² (8th in the world) and a population of 47,327,407 (31st place in the world).

The state borders in the north with Bolivia and Paraguay, in the west with Chile, in the northeast with Brazil and Uruguay. The shores of Argentina are washed by the Atlantic Ocean.

The capital is the city of Buenos Aires. The official language is Spanish.

Most of the believers profess Catholicism and Protestantism.

2022 purchasing power parity GDP: $1.049 trillion ($22,891 per capita). 2022 Nominal GDP: $455.172 billion ($9,929 per capita)

The climate in Argentina is very diverse. From subtropical in the north to subantarctic in the south, but most of the population lives in a temperate climate.

In Argentina, the seasons vary greatly depending on the part of the country.

Precipitation falls very unevenly from 100 - 300 mm per year in the western part of the country, and up to 1400-1600 mm in the mountains and in the north-east of the country.

In 1920, the world's first radio station began broadcasting in Argentina. During its debut on the air, the radio broadcasted Richard Wagner's opera from the capital's theater.
Timezone: UTC−03:00   Coordinates: 34°0′0″S, 64°0′0″W

Regions of Argentina
Argentina is divided into 23 provinces and 1 autonomous metropolitan area (Buenos Aires).
The provinces are divided into municipalities and departments. Provinces can adopt their own constitutions (if they do not contradict the laws of the country) and independently form local governments. They can also manage the province's natural resources as they see fit.
There are 55 cities in Argentina.

The most interesting sights of Argentina

Perito Moreno Glacier

This is one of the most interesting tourist spots in Patagonia.

The glacier is located on the eastern slope of the Andes, 78 km from the mountain village of El Calafate. Its average thickness is about 170 meters, its width is 5 kilometers, and the total area is about 250 sq km. Every year the glacier slides down at a rate of 2 meters per year. From time to time, the glacier presses the lake and it overflows flooding the valley. Many tourists who visit this place dream of watching this spectacle.

Location:Los Glaciares National Park,  Argentina      Coordinates: 50°30′0″S, 73°8′0″W

Nahuel Huapi National Park

Nahuel Huapi is the oldest national park in Argentina. The park was founded in 1903. It is the largest national park in the foothills of the Patagonian Mountains. Its area is 7,050 sq km. The most picturesque view in the reserve is the view of the glacier-covered volcano Tronador. Patagonian larches also grow here, which can reach a height of 35 meters.

Location: Rio Negro and Neuquén provinces, Argentina  Coordinates: 41°0′0″S, 71°30′0″W

Recoleta Cemetery (Buenos Aires)

This cemetery is located in the eponymous district of the city. It was founded in 1732 by French monks around the monastery. In 1822, the monastery was closed, and its park became the first public cemetery in the capital. The layout of the cemetery was made by the French engineer Prospero Catelin. The last major restoration of the cemetery was in 1881 and since then no major changes or repairs have been made. Everyone can visit this ancient place where many famous people of Argentina are buried.

Location: Junín 1760, Buenos Aires, Argentina      Coordinates: 34°35′17″S, 58°23′35″W

Palace of Casa Rodas (Buenos Aires)

The palace was built in 1594 by order of Juan de Garay, the founder of Buenos Aires. In 1713, the fort was fortified, rebuilt and renamed ‘The Castle of San Miguel’. Due to its favorable location, it housed the colonial government. Later, the castle was partially demolished. From the 1860s to the present, the administrative annex houses the presidential office. The first president of the country who lived there was Bartolome Mitre. In 1957, a historical museum was opened, where you can see the things of previous presidents of the country and learn about their lives.

Location: Balcarce 50, Buenos Aires, Argentina     Coordinates: 34°36′29″S, 58°22′13″W

Talampaya National Park

Talampaya National Park is located in a valley between mountain ranges in the western part of Argentina. The park was founded in 1975 as a nature reserve, but in 1997 it was granted the status of a National Park. The total area of the reserve is 2.1 thousand sq km. On the territory of the reserve there are numerous remains of lizards and traces of the activity of primitive human settlements. Also, at the narrowest point of the canyon there is an unusual echo that sounds for several minutes.

Location: Argentina       Coordinates: 29°48′S, 67°50′W

La Boca District (Buenos Aires)

The area where La Boca is now was probably the place where Pedro de Mendoza founded the city of Buenos Aires in 1536. During the Spanish rule, the barracks of slaves brought from Africa were located here. After liberation, at the end of the 19th century, immigrants from Italy began to massively settle in the area. At that time, many houses were painted in several colors due to the lack of paint. Over time, painting houses in several colors became a tradition. In 1895, the area became the 2nd largest in the capital. In 1905, the Boca Juniors football team was founded from Italian immigrants, which is currently one of the most popular football teams in Argentina. Also, it was here where the tango dance originated.

Location:Buenos Aires, Argentina    Coordinates: 34°38′08″S, 58°21′53″W

Airports in Argentina

There are more than 20 civil airports in Argentina, some of them have international status.

Jorge Newbery International Airport

The busiest international airport in Argentina. It is located 2 km northeast of downtown Buenos Aires. Jorge Newbery Airport is a key hub for domestic flights in Argentina and throughout South America.

Annual passenger traffic 4,518,000 (2020).

Buenos Aires, Argentina





Ushuaia International Airport

This is the world's southernmost airport. It was opened in 1995. Located 4 km south of the center of Ushuaia is a town on the island of Tierra del Fuego. Many tourists come to it to start a cruise on a liner along the southern belt.

Annual passenger traffic 512,000 (2020).

Ushuaia, Argentina




68°17′40″ W 

Ministro Pistarini International Airport

The second busiest airport in the country. Carries 85% of the country's international traffic. It was opened in 1945. It is located 22 kilometers south-southwest of Buenos Aires.

Annual passenger turnover 3,101,000 (2020).

Ezeiza, Argentina



34°49′20″S, 58°32′9″W

Railways of Argentina

Argentina's rail network consists of railways with a total length of 36,966 km. It ranks 8th in the world in terms of the length of railway tracks.

Station La Plata

The station was built in Art Nouveau style and was opened in 1906. It is one of the most beautiful buildings in the city of La Plata.

La-Plata, Argentina


Coordinates: 60°10′19″N, 24°56′29″E

Retiro Station

The railway station complex in Buenos Aires, which includes three main terminus railway stations (Retiro Mitre, Retiro Belgrano and Retiro San Martin).

It is close to the Retiro bus station, the largest bus station in the country.

Av. Antártida Argentina 1175

Retiro, Buenos Aires



Coordinates: 34°35′14″S, 58°22′28″W

Metrotranvía Mendoza

A public light rail system for the city of Mendoza. Operated by articulated light rail cars.

Mendoza, Argentina


Coordinates: 32°53′26″S, 68°51′1″W


Highways of Argentina

The length of roads in Argentina is 230,000 km (72,000 km are paved and 1,575 km are expressways).

Massive construction of new roads is underway in the country, as the number of cars among the population is growing.

Speed ​​limit:


  • in a built-up area on narrow streets: 40 km/h
  • on two or more lane roads: 60 km/h
  • on the highway: 110 km/h
  • on the motorway: 130 km/h

Trailer vehicles and motorcycles:

  • in built-up area: 40 km/h
  • on two or more lane roads: 60 km/h
  • on the highway: 80 km/h
  • on the motorway: 120 km/h

Editor's Choice: Iguazu Falls

The Iguazu Falls were discovered to Europeans in 1541 by the Spanish conquistador Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca. In one place there are 275 waterfalls arranged in a semicircle. The height of most waterfalls is about 600 meters. The widest waterfall is the Devil's Throat waterfall (150 meters wide). The name Iguazú comes from the Guarani or Tupi words "y", meaning "water", and "ûasú ", meaning "big". Legend has it that a deity planned to marry a beautiful woman named Naipí, who fled with her mortal lover Tarobá in a canoe. In a rage, the deity sliced the river, creating the waterfalls and condemning the lovers to an eternal fall.

Location: Argentina, Misiones Province   Coordinates: 25°41′12″S, 54°26′41″