Spain map

Where is Spain located? Basic information about the country

Spain (España) is the official name of the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España). Country located in the southwest of the European continent (and having territories in Africa), bordering on land with five countries (France, Andorra, Morocco, Portugal, Gibraltar). The population of the state is 46.7 million people, with a density of 92 people / km². In 2019, the population showed a negative growth of 2.16 percent (compared to 2018 data). It is in fourth place (in size) among European countries, occupying an area of ​​505 thousand km². It is located in the UTC + 2 time zone, in winter time the time zone changes to UTC + 1.

Spain's economy is in 12th place in the world, while showing a serious unemployment rate (about 16%) and public debt ($ 2.1 trillion).

GDP (nominal) is 1.4 billion dollars, and 30.69 thousand dollars per capita.
International tourism is seriously developed in Spain, the country is one of the largest tourist centers in the world. In 2017, 81 million people visited the country, of which about 95 percent are citizens of the European Union. The main tourism industry in Spain is beach vacations. In addition, the following options are available:

  • ski resorts (this is facilitated by the mountainous relief of the country: Sierra Nevada, Iberian Mountains, Pyrenees)
  • rural tourism (for this type of recreation, the countryside with beautiful landscapes is used)
  • religious tourism (in the country there are important shrines of Catholics, for example, the relics of the Apostle James)
  • cultural tourism (historic cities and towns, 44 UNESCO World Heritage Sites)
  • many different performances and folklore festivals

Spain is washed by: Atlantic Ocean (west and north of the country), Mediterranean Sea (east and south of the country), Strait of Gibraltar.

Spain is one of the warmest countries in southern Europe, the average annual temperature of the Mediterranean coast is + 20 ° С. At the same time, the country has deep differences in climatic conditions on its territory: many climatic zones. The prevailing Mediterranean climate is subdivided into maritime, continental and arid. Temperatures and conditions depend on the type of climate, which vary from warm (above 40 degrees in summer and not below 10 degrees in winter) to moderate and relatively cold (not more than 22 degrees in summer and slightly negative temperatures in winter).


The regional division of the country is as follows:

17 autonomous regions

  • Andalusia. It is located in the south-west of Europe, washed by the Strait of Gibraltar, the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The capital is the city of Seville
  • Aragon. Located in the north of Spain, on the border with France. Administrative center is the city of Zaragoza
  • Asturias. Located in northern Spain, on the coast of the Bay of Biscay. The capital is the city of Oviedo
  • The Balearic Islands are an archipelago located in the west of the Mediterranean Sea. Administrative center is the city of Palma
  • Basque Country is part of the historical region (another part of this region is in France). Located in the north of Spain. Administrative center is Vitoria-Gasteiz
  • Valencia is located in the east of the country, on the Mediterranean coast. The capital is in the city Valencia
  • Galicia is located in northwestern Spain, washed by the Atlantic Ocean and has an administrative center in the city of Sango de Compostela
  • Canary Islands. An archipelago of 7 islands off the northwest coast of Africa. Islands have 2 capitals, Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (capitals change each other every 4 years)
  • Cantabria, northern Spain. Has a capital in the city of Santander
  • Castile-La Mancha is the central region of Spain. The capital is the city of Toledo
  • Castile-Leon, northwest of Spain. The administrative center of the region is Valladolid
  • Catalonia, the easternmost region of Spain, with its capital in Barcelona
  • Madrid is a region in the center of Spain. Administrative center is in the city of Madrid (capital and largest city of the country)
  • Murcia is a region in southeastern Spain. The administrative center is located in the eponymous city of Murcia
  • Navarra, an autonomous region in the north of the country, on the border with France. The capital is the city Pamplona
  • Rioja, northern Spain. It is the smallest region of the country. The capital is the city of Logroño
  • Extremadura, south-west of the country. The capital of the region is the city of Merida

In turn, the autonomous regions are divided into 50 provinces; in which there is a further division into mosques (324 units) and, after that, into municipalities (more than 8000).

Sovereign territories of Spain

Territories located in North Africa with a population of about 170 thousand people.

These are large territories, two autonomous cities:

  • Ceuta, a Spanish semi-enclave in northern Africa, bordered by Morocco
  • Melilla, an autonomous port city on the African Mediterranean coast, also borders Morocco

Small territories

  • The Alhucemas group of islands. Three islands located in the Mediterranean Sea (Peñon de Alhucemas, De Tierra, De Mar)
  • The Chafarinas group of islands. Three islands located in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Morocco. They are a nature reserve; the islands are home to a Spanish garrison and a lighthouse.
  • Perejil island. A small uninhabited rocky island in the Strait of Gibraltar. Located 5 kilometers from Ceuta.
  • Alboran Island. Small island is a nature reserve. In addition to the location of the Spanish garrison on it, it is uninhabited; there is also an automatic lighthouse on the island.
  • Península Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, it is located in the Mediterranean Sea. A small rocky uninhabited part of the land, adjacent to the coast of Morocco.

The most interesting sights

Sagrada Família (Basílica de la Sagrada Familia)

The neo-Gothic church located in the city of Barcelona. It is one of the most famous landmarks of this city. Also, it is the most famous long-term construction in the world. The construction of this attraction started in 1882 and continues to this day. The reason for this situation is that construction is carried out exclusively on voluntary donations. In 2010, the building received the title of Basilica minor from Pope Benedict XVI. The temple is visited annually by over 2 million tourists.

Location: Carrer de Mallorca, 401, 08013 Barcelona, Spain

Coordination: 41.40404028702284, 2.1743504145249553


An architectural and park ensemble. It is a museum of Islamic architecture in the city of Granada, the pinnacle of the achievements of Moorish art in Europe. In the Middle Ages, when the territory of what is now Spain was conquered by Muslims, this place served as the seat of the Muslim dynasty of the Nasrid rulers (Nasrid dynasty, Spanish: Nazarí). In addition to parks, swimming pools, cascades and fountains, the complex consists of various buildings for religious and domestic purposes, and all this diversity is enclosed in the fortress walls and towers.

Location: Calle Real de la Alhambra, s/n, 18009 Granada, Spain

Coordination: 37.17646296337605, -3.5881091153176543

Guggenheim Museum Bilbao

One of the largest museums in Spain (11 thousand square meters of exhibition space) is located on the banks of the Nervion River. Opened in 1997 by King Juan Carlos I of Spain, it contains over 200 pieces of contemporary art. The museum building itself is one of its main exhibits and is called a masterpiece of the 20th century.

Location: Abandoibarra Etorb., 2, 48009 Bilbo, Bizkaia, Spain

Coordination: 43.269224639291046, -2.9340061478303365

The White Towns of Andalusia (Pueblos Blancos)

Towns and villages located in the autonomous region of Andalusia have recognizable typical architecture, tiled red or brown roofs and bright white walls, presumably derived from limestone. These settlements are characterized by narrow streets, steep ascents and descents, picturesque central areas with a square and a temple. There are routes to such cities and villages, for example Ronda's White Towns route and Arcos de la Frontera's White Towns route. Tourists on these routes offer hiking, cycling, horse riding, rock climbing, local cuisine and magnificent nature.

Location: Calle Armiñán, 64-68, 29400 Ronda, Málaga, Spain

Coordination: 36.737222, -5.164722

Mount Teide (El Teide, Pico del Teide)

A volcano located in the Canary Islands. It is the highest point in Spain; it is active, and the last eruption was recorded in 1909. Mount Teide has been awarded the title of Decade Volcano due to the destructive actions it can bring. It is part of the Teide National Park complex. The volcano is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, and is the most visited natural wonder in Spain (about 4 million people a year).

Location: 38300, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain

Coordination: 28.273325267273933, -16.642900371082344

Major airports map

In most cases, air travel is the most convenient and fastest way to get to Spain. Choosing this method of transportation, you need to understand which air harbor will be convenient to use for flights.

To do this, we present a list of the ten largest international airports in the country:

  1. Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas (Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas).

Located in the capital of the country, Madrid. It is the largest international airport in Spain and the second in Europe. Passenger traffic is over 61 million passengers.
Location: Av de la Hispanidad, s / n, 28042 Madrid, Spain

Coordination: 40.50184216264001, -3.5682643837947428

  1. Josep Tarradellas Barcelona, El Prat Airport (Aeropuerto Josep Tarradellas Barcelona, El Prat).

Located 12 kilometers from Barcelona. The administrative center of the autonomous region of Catalonia. In terms of passenger traffic, it is in second place in Spain and serves more than 52 million passengers a year.

Location: 08820 El Prat de Llobregat, Barcelona, ​​Spain

Coordination: 41.30126991907678, 2.083640559374463

  1. Palma de Mallorca (Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca).
    Located a few kilometers from the city of Palma (Bolear Islands). It Is the third largest airport in Spain in terms of passenger traffic and serves about 29 million passengers a year.

Location: 07611 Palma, Balearic Islands, Spain

Coordination: 39.55578703781144, 2.7350241122827206

  1. Málaga - Costa del Sol (Aeropuerto de Málaga-Costa del Sol).

Traffic of this airport is 19.8 million people a year (fourth in Spain). The main airport serving the world renowned tourist beach resort of the Costa del Sol.

Location: Av. del Comandante García Morato, s / n, 29004, Málaga, Spain

Coordination: 36.68121101863254, -4.493553126528012

  1. Alicante-Elche airport (Aeropuerto de Alicante-Elche).

Located 9 km from the city of Alicante, carries about 15 million passengers a year, which puts it in fifth place in Spain.
Location: 03195 L'Altet, Alicante, Spain

Coordination: 38.29002054135543, -0.561109339210193

  1. Gran Canaria Airport (Aeropuerto de Gran Canaria).

Passenger traffic is 13 million passengers a year. It is the main airport for the Canary Islands.
Location: Autopista GC-1, s / n, 35230, Las Palmas, Spain

Coordination: 27.93358291168418, -15.387846074748058

  1. Tenerife South Airport (Aeropuerto de Tenerife Sur).
    It is in second place in terms of congestion among the airports of the Canary Islands, and in 7th place among all international airports in Spain with a passenger traffic of 11 million passengers per year.
    Location: 38610, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain

Coordination: 28.048383215256713, -16.572573747488224

  1. Valencia Airport (Aeropuerto de Valencia).
    Airport is located 7 kilometers from the city of Valencia; and has an annual passenger traffic of 8.5 million people.
    Location: Carretera del Aeropuerto, s / n, 46940 Manises, Valencia, Spain

Coordination: 39.49137162987047, -0.47836908605570777

  1. Ibiza airport
    Airport serves the famous resort island, performs domestic and international flights with an annual passenger traffic of 8.1 million people.
    Location: 07820 Sant Antoni de Portmany, Balearic Islands, Spain

Coordination: 38.88010819652769, 1.3696985507666115

  1. Seville Airport (Aeropuerto de Sevilla).

Main airport for Western Andalusia and surrounding provinces. The annual passenger traffic is 7.5 million passengers.

Location: A-4, Km. 532, 41020 Sevilla, Spain

Coordination: 37.42340466456908, -5.893747083665577

Highways in Spain

The highways of Spain are divided according to the regional division of the country: there are state roads (about 26 thousand kilometers), roads of autonomous regions (about 71 thousand kilometers), provinces (68 thousand kilometers) and municipalities (480 thousand kilometers). Also, in Spain there is a network of highways, the length of which is about 17 thousand km.

Spain's road networks are integrated into European road networks; and the roads of the European Union, in addition to their own Spanish number, have a duplicate European standardized number.

If you are planning to take an adventure road trip in northern Spain, we advise you to pay attention to the following map, which takes into account the most interesting places to visit:

Editor’s choice: Mountains in Spain map

There are many mountain ranges in Spain. Almost half of the country is mountainous territory, as a result of which ski tourism and recreation is very common in this country.

Mountain systems of Spain:

  1. Galician Massif, based in Galicia. It has a length of 325 km and an altitude of 1778 m (above sea level).
  2. Montes de León, located between Leon and Zamora. The length is 150 km, the height is 2811 m (above sea level).
  3. The Cantabrian Mountains is one of the main mountain ranges in Spain, with a length of 450 km and a maximum altitude of 2648 meters (above sea level).
  4. Pyrenees, located between Spain and France. It has a length of 440 km and a maximum height of 3404 m (above sea level).
  5. Catalan Mediterranean System is Catalonia's coastal twin mountain system. It has a length of 270 km and a maximum height of 1712 meters (above sea level).
  6. Iberian system. One of the main mountain ranges of the country with a length of 460 km, consisting of high indented mountain ranges.
  7. Central System. Located in the center of the Iberian Peninsula, it has a length of 700 km and a maximum altitude of 2591 meters (above sea level).
  8. The Montes de Toledo, also located in the center of the Iberian Peninsula, south of the Central System. The length is 350 km, the maximum height is 1601 m (above sea level).
  9. The Sierra Morena, stretching from east to west of the Iberian Peninsula. The length of the ridge is 600 km, the height of the highest peak is 1323 m (above sea level).
  10. Subbaetic or sub-baetic system. Located in the south of the country, it is part of the Baetic mountain range. The length is 620 km, the maximum height is 2382 m (above sea level).
  11. The Penibaetic System. The southern ridge of the Baetic system is 520 km long and has a maximum altitude of 3479 meters (above sea level).
  12. The Balearic Islands is a group of islands formed by volcanic activity. The maximum height is 1445 m (above sea level).
  13. The Canary Islands, volcanic islands. The maximum height is 3718 m (above sea level).