Tunisia map


The Tunisian Republic is located in the northernmost part of the African continent. More than 11.7 million people live on the territory of 163.6 km². The capital and the largest city is Tunisia. Since ancient times, the cultures of the East and the West have harmoniously intertwined in the country: traditions and progress.

This smallest country in northern Africa is interesting for its diverse landscapes: almost ⅓ is occupied by peripheral mountain ranges (spurs) of the Atlas mountain system, and the rest is covered with savannas. The highest point is Mount Shambi (1544 m). From the north and east, the territory of the state is washed by the Mediterranean Sea, the coastline of which is cut by picturesque bays with magnificent beaches.

To protect the unique nature, 15 national reserves have been created in the state.

Due to its mild climate, Tunisia is often called the country of eternal summer: a tropical desert climate prevails inside the country and a subtropical Mediterranean climate on the coast and in the northern regions.

Average temperatures: in January +10 ° C (in the north) and +21 ° C (in the south); in July +26 ° C and +33 ° C (respectively).

The best time to visit the country is September-November and March-June.

The time zone is UTC +1.

The Islamic State (98% of the population preaches Islam) has a presidential form of government.

Tunisia's economy is actively developing (GDP is about $ 38.797 billion, HDI is quite high - 0.739). The foundation of the economy of an agro-industrial country is agriculture (the country ranks 4th in the world for the export of olives and olive oil). In addition, international tourism and the light industry are well developed.

Tunisia has the lowest crime rate and one of the highest levels of education among the Arab countries.

The rich history, distinctive culture and unique nature of the country annually attract about 8-9 million people to the Republic of Tunisia.

Coordinates: 34°06′N, 9°39′E

Regions of the country

Tunisia is divided into 24 provinces (vilayets), headed by the wali elected by the president:

Aryana, Beja, Ben Arous, Bizerta, Gabes, Gafsa, Jendouba, Kairouan, Kasserine, Kébili, El Kef, Mahdia, Manouba, Médenine, Monastir, Nabeul, Sfax, Sidi Bou Zid, Silyana, Susu, Tatavin, Tauzar, Tunisia, Zagwan.


  • Tunis. The most densely populated and the smallest in area (area 346 km², population is 990.1 thousand people with a density of 2861.5 people / km²). The metropolitan province is divided into 21 counties and 8 municipalities. It is washed by the Mediterranean Sea in the east ;
  • Tatavin. The largest province in terms of area (38,889 km²) with a population of only 144.2 thousand people. Divided into 7 districts. Known for filming episodes of the film Star Wars.
  • Kebili province is the second largest and also sparsely populated province (area 22,084 km², population 146.5 thousand people). Divided into 6 districts. The administrative center is Kebili.
  • Sfax. The second largest province in terms of population (about 905 thousand people, area of ​​7.5 thousand km ²). The province includes a group of islands on the east coast (Kerkennah Islands). Divided into 16 districts.
  • Aryana. Ranks second in terms of population density 922.09 people / km² (area 498 km², population 459.2 thousand people). The province has a large international airport.
  • Kasserine. Area of ​​just over 8 thousand km² and a population of about 423 thousand people. The province has the highest point in Tunisia: Mount Shambi (height 1544 m) and the famous Jebel Chambi National Park.

The most interesting sights of Tunisia

Tunisia is a country with an ancient and rich history, unique nature and unforgettable flavor. The country has a huge number of monuments of architecture and antiquity. 7 of which are included in the UNESCO heritage list. This country preserves its culture and historical traditions that stand today on the path of progressive development.

Ancient city of Carthage


15 km from the capital of Tunisia, on the shores of Lake Bakhira is the ancient city of Carthage. Once the richest city and an important trade center of the ancient Mediterranean. Today these are the remnants of its former greatness, preserved in ruins about 6 km long:

  • The thermal baths of Emperor Antonin Pius with 6-meter columns and marble staircases attract particular attention of tourists. The Baths, located in the Archaeological Park, stretch along the coastline of the sea and are striking in their scale and progressiveness. An idea of ​​the scope of the activity of Roman builders is given by a model displayed on the observation deck.
  • Bierce's Hill is a 60-meter hill with steep slopes, on which stood a citadel that defended the city for several centuries and was completely destroyed by the Romans.
  • Next to Bierce's Hill is the Hannibal Quarter with the ruins of residential buildings.
  • A huge amphitheater for 50 thousand spectators, dating back to the 2nd century.
  • The Roman theater is distinguished by excellent acoustics and today is the site of the annual Music Festival of Carthage.

The famous suburb of the capital Tunisia has become a place where millions of tourists from all over the world flock. In 1985, the ancient city of Carthage was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Location: Carthage, Tunis, Tunis

Coordinates: 36°51′29″N, 10°19′51″E

Sidi Bou Said City


Sidi Bou Said is a large tourist center in the north of Tunisia. Located on the hills on the Mediterranean coast near the Gulf of Tunis. The Andalusian style in blue and white has become the hallmark of the city, which at different times has become a place of residence for many creative people.

This small fairytale town has only one central street: Rue Hedi Zarrouk that ends with an observation deck offering magnificent panoramic views. Rue Habib Thameur is famous for souvenir shops, cafes and restaurants.

There is the ethnographic Museum of Tunisian life Dar El Annabi (Palace of Arabian Nights) in the center of the town, the exposition of which immerses in the atmosphere of the traditional home of Tunisians. Another noteworthy museum is the Museum of Arab and Mediterranean Music with rich interior decoration, a unique collection of Mediterranean and Arab musical instruments and an exhibition of ancient oriental items and jewelry.

The city of Sidi Bou Said with its unique Arabic style, winding streets and paving stones is deservedly considered the most beautiful city in Tunisia. It is under the protection of UNESCO.

Location: Sidi Bou Said, Tunis

Coordinates: 36°52′11″N, 10°20′27″E

Bardo National Museum


Bardo National Museum is one of the oldest and largest archaeological museums in Africa. Located in the suburbs of the capital's museum. It was opened in 1888 in the building of the Hafsid palace, built in the 13th century.

All artifacts are collected in an exposition of 6 sections that located on 3 floors of the Grand Palace (34 halls), in the Small Palace and an additional modern annex:

  • prehistoric period (the very first religious building on earth);
  • the Punic period (the most valuable part of the museum, which contains very rare artifacts of the Carthaginian culture (jewelry, grimace masks, ceramics, statues));
  • the period of the Numidian civilization;
  • treasures of Mahdia (artifacts raised from a sunken ship that transported objects of art);
  • late antiquity;
  • Islamic period (parchments, calligraphy, fabrics, musical instruments, dishes and interior items).

The most interesting and rare artifacts found during archaeological excavations throughout Tunisia are sent to this central museum of antiquity. The pride of the museum is the richest collection of Roman mosaics in the world, which includes 332 exhibits. The unique museum annually attracts millions of tourists, ranking third in the ranking of the most visited tourist sites in Tunisia.

Location: Tunis, Le Bardo, Musée national du Bardo.

Coordinates: 36°48′34″N, 10°08′04″E

El Ghriba synagogue


The El Grib synagogue is considered to be the oldest shrine (6th century BC), where Jews from all over the world come to worship. Its age is estimated at 2 thousand years. The famous cultural monument is located on the island of Djerba in the village of Riyadh which was once a small Jewish village.

An unremarkable one-story white building with blue shutters and doors, completely unlike a synagogue, hides rich decoration inside. Everything is done with refined taste: beautiful colorful arches and columns, large chandeliers, decorated with tile walls, colored stained-glass windows. The combination of white-blue and red-green colors in the interior emphasizes the uniqueness and harmony of the fusion of two traditions: Arab and Jewish.

In the second hall of the synagogue there is a wailing wall in which you can leave a note with a request or wishes. Hundreds of pilgrims have left Silver plaques on the wall.

The main attraction and pride of the synagogue is one of the world's oldest Torah Scrolls. And bookcases contain many sacred books and scriptures.

There is a hostel for numerous pilgrims on the territory of El Ghriba.

Location: La Ghriba Synagogue, Hara Seghira, Tunis

Coordinates: 33°48′54″N, 10°51′31″E

Suq el-Juma market


Suq el-Juma is the oldest and largest market in Tunisia. Located in the city of Nabeul. The huge territory of the market is divided into quarters (streets) where certain goods are sold (fabrics, perfumes, paintings, spices, sweets, etc.). But the greatest celebrity was acquired by ceramics which have been produced in Nabele for a long time (in the 16th century, a deposit of high-quality clay was found at Cape Bon). The Suq el Juma market offers a wide variety of styles of pottery.

Location: Nabeul, Tunis 

Coordinates: 36°27′15″N, 10°44′5″E

Amphitheater in El Jem


Built between 232-238 AD, the amphitheater at El Jem (African Colosseum) is the third largest in the world and the best preserved. The antique amphitheater is a rounded arena, around which there are arched galleries in the Corinthian style (68 arches) and rows for spectators in the stands.

Once this grandiose three-storey building seemed to be a miracle of architectural thought. The dimensions of the amphitheater in El Jem are:

  • area of 137,000 m2,
  • 148 x 122 meters,
  • arena length: 65 meters,
  • arena width: 39 meters,
  • capacity of 30-35 thousand people.

During its existence, the amphitheater played the role of not only a place for shows and entertainment but also was a fortress.

In 1979 it was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Location: El Jem, L'Amphitheatre, Tunis   

Coordinates: 35°17′47″N, 10°42′25″E

Ribat Monastir


Ribat Monastir is one of the oldest and largest fortresses located in the city of Monastir on the central coast of Tunisia. This powerful Islamic defensive structure was built in 796. The total area of ​​the fortress-monastery is 4.2 thousand square meters.

Throughout its history of existence, Ribat Monastir has been repeatedly completed and rebuilt. The three-level defense complex includes:  

  • 4 buildings with two patios, many staircases and walkways;
  • a watchtower with a spiral staircase with 100 steps;
  • two mosques.

The fortress is a religious shrine and a prestigious place of service where warrior monks served.

The towers of the fortress have viewing platforms available for tourists. And on the second floor of the main courtyard, in a small prayer room, there is the Museum of Islamic Art with a unique collection of historical monuments, chronicles, coins, ceramics, jewelry, etc. Among the most interesting exhibits are the remains of the legendary red gate of the Great Mosque of Kairouan; glass baby pacifiers; ancient sheets of the Koran; funeral steles; rich exposition of ceramics.

Location: Route de la Falaise, Monastir, Tunis   

Coordinates: 35°46′34″N, 10°49′58″E

Major airports in Tunisia

 One of the most important parts of Tunisia's tourism infrastructure is the transport system.

Tunisia has 29 airports, most operate domestic flights.8 are international and 5 are regional (Tozeur-Nefta, Sfax-Tina, Tabarka-Ain-Drachma, Gafsa-Ksar, Matmata).


Aéroport international de Tunis-Carthage

The airport is located 6 km from the center of the capital and is the main hub of Tunis Air. Opened in 1940. Serves charter and regular flights (35 airlines). The area is 820 hectares, the passenger traffic is about 5 million people per year. Has two runways.

B.P.137 & 147, 1080 Tunis Cedex, Tunis

Coordinates: 36°51′04″N, 10°13′38″E

Enfidha-Hammamet International Airport

Young but one of the most important airports. Ranked the second largest in Africa. Located 11 km from the small town of Enfidha. Opened in 2009. The passenger traffic is over 7 million people.

Enfidha-Hammamet International Airport, Enfidha, Enfidha   4030, Tunisia.

Coordinates: 36°04′33″N, 10°26′19″E

Habib Bourguiba International Airport

Located 7 km from the center of Monastir, in the tourist area of ​​Skanes. Serves mainly charter flights. The annual passenger traffic is more than 4 million people.

5065 Monastir, Tunisia

Coordinates: 35°45′29″N, 10°45′17″E

Aéroport international de Djerba-Zarzis

The airport is located in the northern part of the island, 8 km from the island's largest city Houmt Souk. Has been working since 1970. Serves domestic flights and charter flights from Europe. The carrying capacity is 4 million people per year. One runway.

Djerba Airport, Tunisia, 4120 Djerba

Coordinates: 33°52′30″N, 10°46′31″E

Major train stations in Tunisia

The length of the Tunisian railway is more than 2000 km: part of the railway track (473 km) has a standard European gauge but most of it is narrow-gauge (1674 km with a 1000 mm gauge, 65 kilometers of which are electrified). Therefore, trains are very cheap but not the most convenient transport for passengers. Two gauge standards lead to frequent changes and the availability of only seats does not dispose for long trips.

The main railway line runs along the eastern coast of the country from Tunisia to Sousse. 267 train stations.


Tunisian Central Station (Gare de Tunis)

Tunisia's main railway station is operated by the national Tunisian Railways Company. 5 ways.

Place de Barcelone, Tunis


Coordinates: 36°47′42″N, 10°10′50″E

Main railway station in Monastir (Gare Habib Bourguiba Monastir)

Monastir, Tunisia


Coordinates: 35°46′15″N, 10°49′35″E

Sousse Railway Station

Central junction of the Tunisian railway network. In the first place is cargo transportation.

Rue Rmeda - Sousse Ville, Sousse, 4000, Tunisia

Coordinates: 35°49′49″N, 10°38′23″E

Highways of Tunisia

The length of highways is about 20 thousand km. Roads in Tunisia are of good quality with excellent coverage and markings and high information content with the exception of country roads and roads in the mountains. Roads play a huge role in cargo transportation.

There are four types of roads:

  • the first is motorways starting with the letter A,
  • second main roads starting with N / RN (Routes Nationales),
  • third regional roads starting with R / RR (Routes régionales),
  • and the fourth is local roads starting with L / RL.

Autobahns (toll high-quality roads, marked in yellow on maps) are almost always duplicated by free highways. The workload is low.

National (marked in red on maps) and municipal roads (usually marked in brown on maps) have the highest congestion.

There are practically no traffic rules. On the island of Djerba, you can only move at a speed of no more than 70 km / h.


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Part of the largest hot desert of the Sahara planet (total area of ​​8.6 million km²) in the south of Tunisia is the most important and popular attraction and occupies 30% of the state's territory.

The Sahara in Tunisia is represented by salt marshes, semi-sandy plains and rocky plateaus. The only thing that violates the virgin nature is the motorway (87 km) connecting the city of Douz with Berj al-Khadra, the southernmost point of Tunisia.

The best time to visit the endless sands is early spring and late autumn. In summer, the air temperature rises above 50 degrees.

Unique landscapes and extreme climatic conditions attract a huge number of tourists every year for whom a wide variety of entertainment and excursions are offered:

  • riding ATVs, tricycles, jeeps;
  • riding camels, horses;
  • oases, the highest dune of the Tunisian Sahara, Zemlet-el-Borma, sand dunes, windstorms and mirages;
  • Mount Camel;
  • thermal spring in the Ksar Ghilane oasis;
  • antique fort Tisavar;
  • ancient baths;
  • Bedouin villages;
  • excursions to the filming location of the film Star Wars and the section of the Paris-Dakkar highway;
  • the center of tunisian carpet weaving:the city of Kairouan;
  • Desert Zoo and Sahara Museum.

Coordinates: 33°09′41″N, 9°01′31″E

Lake Chott El Djerid


The largest salt lake in North Africa, located in the center of Tunisia. The 60 km wide salt marsh stretches for 120 km in length.

The miracle of nature in winter when the maximum amount of precipitation falls in the form of rains. Salty lake without drainage, covered with the thinnest crust of salt and a shimmering bluish-white salt edge. Lake covers an area of ​​about 7 thousand km ². In the dry summer, the lake dries up almost completely. The water evaporates under a thick layer of salt and forms crystals which are called desert roses. Due to the refraction of sunlight in crystals, complex atmospheric optical phenomena arise: fata morgana and mirages.

In the spring, flocks of flamingos build their nests here, raise their chicks until July and fly away.

Coordinates: 33°42′00″N, 8°26′